Pinios River Basin (Greece)

Pinios River basin pilot

The Pinios River Basin (PRB) is one of the most productive basins in Greece in terms of agricultural production, with a significant impact at the regional and national levels. The absence of efficient water resources management manifests in high water consumption and overexploitation of groundwater.

  • Located in central Greece with a spatial extent of ca 11,000 km2.
  • Main productive land use is agriculture.
  • Population of about 700,000 people.
  • 90% of total water consumption for irrigation
  • Mean annual precipitation : 400 mm at the central plain part to more than 1850 mm at the western mountainous part
  • Groundwater over-abstractions for irrigation. Surface water also used for irrigation without efficient control, causing possible problems in environmental flow maintenance.
  • High energy consumption for groundwater pumping due to deep groundwater level.
  • Agriculture competing with tourism along the coastline.
  • Droughts significantly affecting water availability.
  • Solar power parks tend to substitute agricultural land.
  • Hydroelectric power production is also developing.
    • Municipalities – in charge of domestic water management in the pilot areas, and also contributing to irrigation water management since they operate some public groundwater wells and irrigation networks.
    • Local Irrigation Water Management Organizations: Several such organizations responsible for managing the public irrigation water supply facilities.
    • Directorate for Water, Prefecture of Thessaly: The authority responsible for water management at the Water District level.
    • Secretariat General for Natural Environment and Water, Ministry of Energy: The authority responsible for water management in the national level.
    • Directorate for Land Reclamation and Soil & Water Resources, Ministry of Rural Development and Food: The authority responsible for the design and implementation of irrigation and land reclamation works in national level.
    • Farmers Cooperatives and individual Farmers: The end-users of irrigation water, actively involved in water resources management since many operate their private groundwater wells.
  • Provide a rationalized and integrated framework of water resources management along with concrete policy recommendations.
  • Resolve conflicts and address irrational water use issues.
  • Increase the potential for adaptation and mitigation of agriculture to climate change.
  • Effective engagement of stakeholders in integrated water resources management.

Pinios pilot News

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